This mine is also called Mina of the Germans, due to it exploitation during World War II by the Germans.

Before the german exploration, the mine was operated by a Belgian company by the year 1928. The Germans will truly explore it between 1937 and 1945. It will be reactivated in 1954 because of the Korean War, when this complex miner served as a military camp for the Republicans, who thus redeemed their sentences by working in the mines.

Since 1954 until 1963 private companies continued to explore them.

At present, they are abandoned.

Category: Industrial Heritage

Mine of Sombras (Shadows Mine)

Lobios is one of the municipalities with high archaeological heritage of the province of Ourense, where we underline their old holdings of wolfram, the Mine of Sombras, at the source of the river Vilameá, whose activity ceased in the 70s of last century. It was during World War II one of the greatest sources of wealth of the municipality and has provided large amounts of wolfram to the Germans.

Currently it’s abandoned and its access is difficult. The road is unpaved and in poor condition. But at this place we still can find the ruins of buildings that belonged to these mines.

Category: Industrial Heritage

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Category: Industrial Heritage

These mines are located in the Councils of Covilhã and Fundão, District of Castelo Branco.

The first known documentation of these mines is in the City Hall of Covilhã, dating back to April 15th, 1886. This documentation recognizes Manuel Santos and Boaventura Borrel as discoverers of tungsten in Minas of Panasqueira.

It is also specified that in 1894, King Charles I of Bragança has granted the first license to them.

The industrial start of these mines, will only happen with the grant awarded and published in the Diário do Governo - Government Gazette on the 25th of November 1898, to the Sociedade de Minas de Volframio em Portugal -  Society of Volfram mines in Portugal, with headquarters in Lisbon, the owning company was Almeida, Silva Pinto & Comandita, that made Wolfram mines Exploitation in Covilhã and Fundão.

The first Englishman to become interested in Panasqueira was the Count Burnay. He had bought the company in Portugal and later leased it to a British firm, which, however, came disinterested in the business. Count Burnay continued the exploitation in 1904. Major industrial investments were made, namely the construction of the washing section of Cabeça do Pião and the opening of the first galleries. Later, this led to a significant increase of production.
With the evolution of the company, in 1911, the company Wolfram Mining and Smelting Company was formed, which had as its general manager, Frederick Cowper. The company purchased all the concessionary rights, together with buildings and equipment, occupying an area of 125 hectares of land.

Coinciding with World War I, mining operations have undergone some changes. In between, until the Second World War, there were small individual grants to people who worked on their own behalf, recovering small amounts of tungsten that were then sold to the company. They were called "Kilo".

In 1928, the company changed its name to Beralt Tin & Wolfram Limited, still having this name. There is a significant growth in the exploiting market, which led to new investments. Later, in 1934, these investments have come to be rewarded with the outbreak of the war of 1939-1945.

During this warfare period, the mines of Panasqueira, Barroca Grande (council of Covilha) and Cabeço do Pião (council of Fundão) have reached a very high important level, becoming one of the largest mines and creating an unprecedented activity.

They closed in 1944, by decree of the Portuguese Government. However, they were rapidly recovered, using more efficient methods of operation. A year later the price fell dramatically, but the demand for this ore comes back when the Korean War emerges.

Category: Industrial Heritage